In modern culture there is a major emphasis on education within society. Children from a very early age a taught increasingly advanced topics, making them more and more competitive not only within their society, but within the global sphere. In her essay on “education”, Elisabeth Rose Gruner looked at what education really is, and what it means. According to this work, “education is primarily an institutional practice, which, after the late eighteenth century, is increasingly formalized and universalized in Western countries” and is something that is practiced by adults on children. The essay also looks at two large categories of education that have been historically largely present; vocational training or more holistic. Historically more affluent individuals have received the more holistic training while those in a lower class received more vocational training so that they were able to practice a trade right away.
In “The Journey Begins”, Kaya underwent education, but it was not formalized like was emphasized in Gruner’s essay. Rather, Kaya learned as she went along with her everyday life. She did not have daily, formalized western education, yet everyday she was learning something. Not only that, but she was also receiving moral training such as that emphasized in holistic education as well as more vocational training. We see her holistic training when she is speaking with a town elder after getting in trouble. She emphasized how she immediately felt bad for getting everybody into trouble, and how she didn’t want to be remembered for her mistakes. The elder helped her to realize that she needs to think about her actions, and remember to be responsible. She is taught to be a good society member. This later helps her to think of the well being of the tribe, instead of just herself, leading to moral, holistic education. In addition to this, Kaya also received vocational training in the sense that she was taught how to ride and treat her horse, which is something that is important to the livelihood of the tribe, as well as her livelihood of her as an individual. Despite not having a formalized education, Kaya received several types of education.
In more modern times, education is no longer like this. Now, we see large establishments with incredible infrastructure in place in order to educate our children. However, education is no longer adults onto children. As education gets more formalized, more people are being educated. Simply look at the number of people that are going to college. The vast majority of people that are going to college are at least 18, so we no longer have this strict adult onto child aspect. And even more than that there are more and more individuals returning to college after they have full blown careers. The lines for vocational training are also becoming more blurred, because rather than apprenticeships to learn a trade, an increasing number of people are earning a two year degree. The more society progresses, the more formalized education becomes, and the more well rounded people as a whole become, lessening the classist divides within society. Simply put, today, “education” is everywhere and for everyone.